Symptoms of a Thyroid Disorder

Symptoms of a Thyroid Disorder

Thyroid disorders affect at least one in eight women, and sometimes men as well. Due to the general nature of thyroid disorder symptoms, over half of the people with a thyroid disorder are unaware of their condition. A poorly functioning thyroid can lead to a variety of diseases and disorders, so identifying your condition early on is essential. 

The thyroid gland is your master gland. It is responsible for energy production and metabolism throughout your entire body. Due to its widespread functions, symptoms of a thyroid disorder are diverse and can affect different parts of the body. An underactive thyroid gland is referred to as hypothyroidism. This condition is most common in women during transitional times, such as during pregnancy, after childbirth, and during menopause. Men can develop hypothyroidism from chronic stress or environmental pollutants. An overactive thyroid gland is called hyperthyroidism. Hyperthyroidism may not cause any noticeable symptoms in its early stages. 

Thyroid Gland Anatomy

Causes of Hypothyroidism: 

When the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones, the intricate balance of hormones and chemicals in the body is upset. The hormones produced by the thyroid gland – triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) have a huge impact on your health. They influence all aspects of your metabolism, your body temperature, and even your heart rate. Causes of hypothyroidism include the following:

  1. Autoimmune Disease: The most common cause of a hypothyroid disorder is Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, an autoimmune disorder. An autoimmune disorder is when your body’s immune system attacks your own tissues, and this can sometimes involve your thyroid gland.
  2. Hyperthyroidism Treatment: When too many thyroid hormones are produced, this is called hyperthyroidism. The treatment for hyperthyroidism often involves radioactive iodine or anti-thyroid medications. If there is an overcorrection, thyroid hormone production can be lowered, causing hypothyroidism. 
  3. Radiation: Cancer treatments of the head and neck can impact the ability of the thyroid gland to produce thyroid hormones and may result in hypothyroidism.
  4. Thyroid Surgery: For those who have had all or a large portion of their thyroid removed, thyroid hormone production will be decreased or stopped completely. In this case, thyroid hormone replacement will be necessary for the rest of their life. 
  5. Medications: A variety of medications can contribute to hypothyroidism. If you are taking any medications, ask your doctor about the effects they might have on your thyroid.

home self isolation quarantine

The signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism are variable, depending on the severity of the hormone deficiency. Usually, problems develop slowly over a number of years.

Common Hypothyroid Symptoms:

  1. Depression
  2. Fatigue
  3. Unexplained Weight Gain
  4. Constipation
  5. Increased Sensitivity to the Cold
  6. Hair Loss/Brittle Hair
  7. Brain Fog

Common Hyperthyroid Symptoms:

  1. Anxiety/Irritability/Nervousness
  2. Having Trouble Sleeping
  3. Losing Weight
  4. Enlarged Thyroid Gland/Goiter
  5. Muscle Weakness/Tremors
  6. Irregular Menstrual Periods/Menstrual Cycle Stops
  7. Heat Sensitivity
  8. Vision Problems/Eye Irritation

abnormal enlargement of thyroid gland

Health Concerns that Could be Attributed to Your Thyroid:

  1. Anxiety/Panic Attacks
  2. Depression
  3. Generalized swelling
  4. Puffy Eyes/Face
  5. Muscle Aches/Pain
  6. Muscle Weakness
  7. Joint Pain/Stiffness/Swelling
  8. Low Sex Drive
  9. Asthma/Allergies
  10. Migraines
  11. Recurrent Miscarriage/Infertility
  12. Lack of Ovulation
  13. Decreased Memory
  14. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
  15. High Cholesterol
  16. Low Heart Rate
  17. Insomnia
  18. Hives

Laboratory medical diagnostics

Thankfully, accurate thyroid function tests are available and can be used to diagnose thyroid disorders. Usually, synthetic thyroid hormones are used as replacement therapy for hypothyroidism. Hypothyroidism treatment is usually simple, safe, and effective. If you are feeling tired for no reason, or have any other signs and symptoms discussed above, make sure to see your doctor. 

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